Research: Unusual big kangaroo roamed Papua New Guinea 50,000 years in the past!

A brand new research has revealed {that a} unusual big kangaroo roamed Papua New Guinea 50,000 years in the past.

The species, which researchers from Flinders College referred to as a ‘Nombe nombe’, had a muscular physique.

X-ray of a panda's wrist

Quite than being carefully associated to the Australian taxa, the brand new species doubtless belongs to a novel genus, discovered solely in Papua New Guinea, in line with the crew.

“We expect these animals are uniquely Australian, however they’ve this different fascinating life inside New Guinea,” mentioned research writer Isaac Kerr.

Large kangaroos have been first described in 1983 and are recognized from fossils relationship again 20,000-50,000 years.

The fossils come from Nombe Rockshelter, a website in Chimbu County that was as soon as a various rainforest with dense shrubs and a closed cover.

There, the Nombe developed to have a thick jawbone and powerful chewing muscle tissues, which allowed it to eat the powerful leaves of bushes and shrubs.

“The animals of New Guinea are fantastic, however only a few Australians have an concept of ​​what’s actually on the market,” Kerr mentioned.

The researchers used 3D pictures to review the fossilized jaw of Nombe.

Their evaluation signifies that the species developed from an historic type of kangaroo that unfold in New Guinea about 5-8 million years in the past.

Throughout that point, the islands of New Guinea and mainland Australia have been related by a land bridge, due to decrease sea ranges.

Earlier than the bridge sank and the Torres Strait turned what it’s at present, it allowed early Australian mammals to maneuver into New Guinea. There, the animals developed to swimsuit their new tropical habitat, in line with the researchers.

Whereas many research have been performed within the Sixties, Seventies, and Nineteen Eighties to review these extinct megafauna, no research has been performed there for the reason that early Nineties.

The researchers at the moment are searching for to treatment this via additional research.

Professor Gavin Prideaux, co-author of the research, mentioned: “We’re very excited to conduct research on three fossils at two completely different websites in jap and central Papua New Guinea over the following three years. We can be working with the curators of the Papua New Guinea Museum and Artwork Gallery and different Papua New Guinea contacts, and hope to realize some native curiosity in New Guinea palaeontology.”

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